Andre Breton, was a poet, but he had also studied medicine and psychiatry. He was well versed in Freud’s theories and in 1924, Breton wrote the surrealist manifesto. The core idea behind the wide ranging movement was that reason and logic constrain a person’s mind and that if an artist were to break free of those constraints, they could tap into a more vast area of the unconscious mind.

If you want to learn more about the artists mentioned in this episode, check out Who ARTed on your favorite podcast app, or click the following links to hear the relevant episodes.

Meret Oppenheim | Object

Salvador Dali | The Persistence of Memory

Frida Kahlo | The Two Fridas

Rene Magritte | The False Mirror

Marcel Duchamp | Fountain